In order to portray an urban center, the image of a public space occupied by a crowd was always adequado suitable 1. That any number of people - or vehicles - transiting indiscriminately on the urban layout in bring associations with the modern world. Cities are shown so hectic and effervescent in a relationship almost without cause between people, objects and architecture. Shape, in contemporary times, a place of interaction between multiple fights, where what is disputed is essentially urban.
"Heterogeneous, dispersed, complex and multidirectional, the crowd has generated intense debate in the fields of sociology and political science, also subject with a variety of artistic works in recent years. Protests in public places, movements 'Occupy' in large centers and popular demonstrations since June 2013 proliferated in Brazil, are becoming the focus of work approach incorporating these issues into their creative processes 2. "
Otermomultitude 3 renews the understanding of social movements today. The crowd is rather to be an abundance of people, one singularities network. It is founded on the principle of otherness, it is founded upon the recognition of differences. One body can be a host, insofar as it brings several singularities. The crowd denies any identity principle. The crowd generates thought, action, and from the recognition of singularities, produces the common.
Ocomum, from the perspective of the crowd, is rooted in "communication between singularities, and manifests through collaborative social processes of production" 4. A multitude is a multiplicity of individuals acting together to fulfill a common goal. In recent times, this multitude created numerous popular movements. The Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt, occupations and struggles in Greece, in Spain, the Indignados or 15M movement in New York, with the Occupy Wall Street movement.
Here, these echoes have reverberations in urban occupations - as Dandara and Izidora in anonymous cultural shares, emerging, spread throughout the city; also echo in LGBTIQ artistic performances by Zero rate movement, the occupation of the Viaduct Santa Tereza the hip hop movement, actions and proposals of the People's Assembly Horizontal, resistance of the people in the street and taggers situation in the Lower Central region, Beach artistic-political party of the station, Carnival and n'a City we want, among many others.
It is no longer the undisciplined movement of people walking through the space, but a movement with focus, purpose, planning, strategy. Bringing your vocabulary all possible technologies of its time, this multitude enlivens the city and question values and status, crumbling hierarchies.
Who moves the city? What are the relations between the urban, cultural and social policy proposals and resistance processes in the metropolis? How to understand the role of the actors in these movements, as we correspond and communicate with this anonymous multitude, plural, multiple?
In acceleration times, power relations constitute a set of essential practices to state maintenance, thus shaping behaviors, attitudes and discourses. The abduction and confinement of individual institutions, as defined by Foucault, manifests itself in elaborate and complex way in social media, applications, the announced termination of the www, cyberspace control territory where one day judge see implemented democratic future, when came the personal computer and the internet. And it only reflects even further accelerated, what we see happening in the space of cities we inhabit.
The SmartCITIES as defined by Droege, in 1997, the World Foundation for Smart Cities, Smart Cities or the Forum (2006), provide "digital democracy" to people? The future is not what it was? 5 How do we understand these perspectives in cities? What we want for our future and how we can act in this construction within the power structures we face?
In this scenario, the audiovisual has much more important role than mere tool to support these actions. This audiovisual collection created, far beyond being a record, reporting tool, it makes up a contemporary manifesto that moves cities and changes its power relations. Absorbed by the movements as part of their language, integrates and faithfully adapts to every speech represented. At that point, the criterion for the show, which guided the directions of talks proposed, was to understand the engine of this movement, thrust each.
Register, share. A modern duo that stands as the current operating mode in our daily lives. This action is also common to movements.
The audiovisual generated at this time is an essential collection for understanding the movement of the cities. Another important aspect is the creation of a real network of relationships, more caring and more effective.
In this first moment, the collective sense and record these movements are the focus of this exhibition. We want to visuality these speeches and the shares of productive and creative processes in an attempt to create dialogue and expand their connections. The chosen films were produced in the emergence of each city in motion that were inserted and are in addition to documents, manifestos. Mostly, they are raw, almost raw. Comprise a first view of moments of these movements, performed by the beholder inside, participates and is complicit in their actions. The story told by the actors in audiovisual format, created almost at the same time it happens.
The show Motion Film brings together films that seek to make visible the political practices and contemporary struggles that move the city of Belo Horizonte. They are divided into sessions related to topics of conversation wheels, dialoguing with them and providing context for those who want to participate in the two moments of this movement.
The Conversation Wheels propose a reflection on the recent movements, their causes, consequences, practices and learning, focusing on what happens in the city of Belo Horizonte. The intention is to point out, plan and propose paths for the future, from the point of view of people who, when moving around the city, make it move.
That utopias kill? What will happen to our sense of humanity? Even when the restrictive reactions of the various bodies of power will affect us? What can we do? How to ensure a future that is, if not much better, at least more fair?
Within the multitude logic, the talks will open, horizontal and will have guests participating in various movements, acting as provocateurs, at first. More than direction or themes, what we propose is a push to talk, to exchange ideas, to create a common process. Without dictating a path, we suggest a scope.
We divide the approaches in three areas that intersect: Density (epreenchimento design of the City); Intensity and Diversity (who enlivens the city) and Synchronicity (the future of cities).
1 Factory Employees of output LumièreeA Arrival of the Train at the Station (1895) showed us depessoas groups who shared actions, space and - possibly - some other intention. The train and the factory are not just random choices, but establish connection with the progress and the big city.
Koyaanisqatsi (1982) showed in an isolated crowd grouping, highlighting the "evils" doprogresso and civilization on the nature of the world.
2 doMultitude presentation text Extracted from: when art adds to the crowd: http: //www.forumpermanente.org/noticias/2014/multitude-quando-a-arte-se-soma-a-multidao.
3 Understood in this maneiraa from the publication of Empire (2000), Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt.
4Hardt and Negri, 2005 p.266.
5 Title William Wisnik lecture, to be broadcast on YouTube on November 7 this year, CicloMutações 2016.
Chico de Paula
Gustavo Caetano Matos